Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Information on tv: A Quantitative Analysis Across Two Seasons

Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Information on tv: A Quantitative Analysis Across Two Seasons

Infrequent media that are positive of homosexuality could also influence the thinking of heterosexuals. Cultivation concept (Gerbner, Gross, Morgan, Signorielli, & Shanahan, 2002) shows that watching tv influences people’ attitudes and thinking through a procedure whereby the planet as portrayed by the news involves be identified by people especially high-volume people being an exact expression of reality. Regular tv observing is proposed to generate a provided pair of conceptions and objectives about social truth among otherwise diverse audiences. According to cultivation concept, some scientists have actually recommended that the possible lack of portrayals of homosexuality on tv may influence the philosophy among hefty watchers that homosexuality is irregular or exceptionally uncommon. Based on Gross (1994), tv is really an influence that is major the presumptions individuals have about people in minority teams such as for example gays, lesbians, and bisexuals because numerous watchers could have small individual experience with such people.

To get cultivation concept, Gross (1984) unearthed that tv watching was linked to more powerful attitudes that are negative gays and lesbians, irrespective of people’ governmental values.

Inspite of the overwhelming heterosexuality of main-stream news representations, portrayals of gay and lesbian people on tv have grown to be notably more prevalent since 1997 whenever Ellen became the initial tv program to own a gay character that is leading. This increase is visible into the introduction of homosexual figures on numerous shows such as for instance Spin City, ER, Dawson’s Creek, and Buffy the Vampire Slayer, in addition to implies that concentrate on homosexual figures in leading functions such as for instance Will and Grace and it is All general. In addition, cable stations have actually included programs such as for instance Queer as Folk, Six Feet Under, and Oz that depict homosexual figures much more plot that is complex sufficient reason for more explicit sexual actions.

Even though the existence of lgbt characters could have increased recently on both commercial broadcast and cable companies, its confusing just how often television addresses the intimate problems and issues of intimate minorities. As noted earlier in the day, when homosexual and characters that are lesbian been incorporated into programs, they usually have usually been portrayed in asexual contexts. Furthermore, almost all of just just exactly what is published up to now about homosexuality and tv happens to be qualitative (including case that is single-show), concentrating on exactly just exactly how particular programs have actually portrayed homosexual figures. Although numerous content analyses have actually evaluated the total amount of sexual content shown on tv generally speaking (Cope-Farrar & Kunkel, 2002; Greenberg et al., 1993; Kunkel et al., 1999, 2003; Kunkel, Cope-Farrar, Biely, Maynard-Farinola, & Donnerstein, 2001; Sapolsky & Tabarlet, 1991; Ward, 1995), none have actually reported in the prevalence of intimate portrayals and speak about sexual problems linked to gays, lesbians, or bisexuals.

This paper centers on factors evaluating nonheterosexual content that had been included as an element of two bigger content analyses examining intimate content more broadly on US tv.

Information through the 2001-2002 and 2002-2003 tv periods are acclimatized to respond to questions in regards to the prevalence and regularity of intimate behavior and talk that is sexual to nonheterosexuals. Especially, the info analyses address two broad research concerns: (1) as to the extent are nonheterosexual intimate themes, especially intimate behavior and speak about sex, present in tv development general and just just what habits emerge across system genres, community kinds, and prime-time versus nonprime-time development? (2) When nonheterosexual intimate content occurs, what’s its regularity and just how does it differ across genres, style of community, and prime-time versus programming that is nonprime-time?

System Examples

A 3 composite week sampling plan ended up being utilized to get two big yearly random types of tv programs of best interest to adolescents and therefore were comprehensive on most portions of the tv industry. Programs had been taped from 11 channels 6 commercial broadcast companies (ABC, CBS, Fox, NBC, UPN, and WB) and 5 cable sites (BET, Cinemax, HBO, MTV, and Showtime). The Steve Harvey Show, Moesha, Fresh Prince of Bel Air, One on One); WB, which tailors its programming to white youth, with programs such as Gilmore Girls, 7th Heaven, Sabrina, and Smallville; and MTV, which shows music videos and other programs (e.g., dating reality shows) watched by many teens and young adults because the content analyses were part of a larger research project on television exposure and adolescent sexuality, several networks were included because of their appeal to young audiences including UPN, which televises a substantial number of programs with young African American characters ( e.g.

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